Science

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Main Point

The Bible is not 100% factually accurate.

Logical Argument

  1. If the Bible is 100% factually accurate, then the Universe is not billions of years old.
  2. The Universe is billions of years old.
  3. Therefore the Bible is not 100% factually accurate.

The age of the universe

A diagram depicting Hubble's Law which is Velocity equals Hubble Constant times Distance

In the 1920’s, Edwin Hubble discovered a positive relationship between a galaxy’s velocity (derived from its red shifted light), and its distance from Earth (derived from its Cepheid stars) (Filkin and Hawking 1997). Hubble wrote a mathematical equation: Velocity = Hubble Constant x Distance which is now termed Hubble’s Law. In the words of Stephen Hawking (2001, 77) “… Hubble’s law, established that the universe is expanding with the Hubble constant H setting the rate of expansion”.

In 1990, NASA launched the Hubble Space Telescope, the primary justification for spending billions of taxpayer dollars was to obtain an accurate Hubble constant (Christensen and Fosbury 2006). We now know that the Hubble constant is 70.6 ± 3.1 km/sec/megaparsec (Suyu et al. 2010) and that the age of the universe is 13.7 ± 0.14 billion years old (Dick 2008). We know this because the Hubble constant can be projected backward in time reversing the expansion of the universe.


Evolution

The following documentary was made by the American Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in 2001 to explain evolution.

Darwin's Dangerous Idea - Part 1

Great Transformations - Part 2

Extinction - Part 3

The Evolutionary Arms Race - Part 4

Why Sex? - Part 5

The Minds Big Bang - Part 6

Conclusion

Since the Universe is billions of years old, the Bible is not 100% factually accurate.

A metaphorical interpretation is implausible

It can't be believed by a thinking person - Christopher Hitchens


Recommended Reading

science evolution and creationismscience evolution and creationism why evolution is truewhy evolution is true Evolution: What the Fossils Say and Why It Matters The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing

Additional Resources

Videos

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References